Skip to main content

Citation Guide: APA

Citation help for popular styles such APA, MLA, and Chicago, as well as some of the less common styles such as ACS and CSE.


Call Number: BF76.7 .P83 2010

ISBN: 9781433805592

Publication Date: 2009

Availability: copies held at...

Tyler Main Campus Library, Longview & Palestine Regional Campuses.

APA Style Simplified

Call Number: BF76.7 .B447 2012 

ISBN: 9781118289099

Publication Date: 2012

Availability: online (ebook)

Basic Citation Formats

These are basic guidelines to citing sources for your works cited page using APA style.


Shanker, J. L., & Cockrum, W. A. (2014).  Reading inventory (6th ed.). 
       Boston, MA:  Pearson Education.

Note: Only put an edition number if you are using an edition older than the first.

Book with an Editors Instead of Authors

Flood, J., & Anders, P. L. (Eds.). (2005). Literacy development of students in
       urban schools: Research and policy.
Newark, DE: International Reading

Journal article read in print or from a database, no doi assigned

McCollin, M., O'Shea, D., & McQuiston, K. (2010). Improving vocabulary and
       comprehension skills of secondary-level students from diverse
       backgrounds. Preventing School Failure, 54, 133-136.

Journal article, with doi

Schryer, E., & Sloat, E. (2015).  Effects of an animated book reading
       intervention on emergent literacy skill development:  An early
       pilot study. Journal of Early Intervention, 37, 155-171.
       doi: 10.1177/1053815115598842

Note: For more information on DOI numbers see the box below or refer to the APA Style Manual, 6th Edition.

Journal article with three to seven authors

Miciak, J., Stuebing, K. K., Vaughn, S., Roberts, G., Barth, A. E., Fletcher, J.
       M., & VanDerHeyden, A. (2014).  Cognitive attributes of adequate and
       inadequate responders to reading intervention in middle school.  School
       Psychology Review, 43
, 407-427.

Dissertation from a database

Crittenden, E. M. (2013).  The effectiveness of two spelling approaches on
       vocabulary development for Hispanic learners.
(Doctoral dissertation).
       Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (3560525).


Clarke, B. L. (2014). Rurality and reading readiness:  The mediating role of
       parent engagement
(R2Ed Working Paper No. 2014-1).  Retrieved from
       the National Center for Research on Rural Education 

Citing Electronic Journal Articles with DOIs

APA 6 Style Rule for DOI

When citing electronic journal articles, APA style requires the inclusion of the DOI, if it is available (see example below).

What it is:

A DOI is a unique "digital object identifier" that is permanently attached to a specific article. It is a cross of numbers and letters, and always begins with a "10."

When & How to Cite a DOI:

If a DOI is available for an article being cited, it must be included (as the final element, without a full stop/period) in the reference.

When used, the DOI replaces an article's URL in the reference.

Neither the URL nor an access date are included when the DOI is used in a reference.



Locating the DOI

You can find the DOI either...

1) in the database record (there will be a field in the article record that says "DOI") or

2) on the first page of the article, usually near the copyright information.

No Apparent DOI?

If you don't see a DOI in the online article information or printout, you can query it's DOI status by clicking and entering in your citation information.

Further Info

For more information, consult the APA Style Manual. The APA website also has a helpful video tutorial on finding DOIs.

Creating an APA Research Paper