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Open Educational Resources (OER)


This guide was originally created and built by two Library Science students, Jacob Williams and Jess Garms, as part of their graduate program practicum projects. 

This guide is now maintained and updated by Terra Gullings, Scholarly Communication Librarian. 

A Few Good Places To Start

Open Textbook Library Logo

Wikimedia Commons Logo


Open Education Consortium Logo

The 5 Rs of OER


What are the 5 Rs?

OER are resources that are not only free to users, but they are licensed in a way that allow for modifying and transforming to suit anyone’s needs.

In order for a material to be considered OER, it must have the following 5 R activities and permissions:


The 5 Rs of OER

  1. Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)

  2. Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)

  3. Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)

  4. Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)

  5. Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

         This material was created by David Wiley and published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.

Licensed by CC BY 4.0 Created by Martha Greatrix.

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